During the last two decades, economic globalization has produced new driving forces and disturbance regimes that have in turn transformed landscapes around the globe, making them increasingly prone to the risks of rapid resource depletion and biological impoverishment .The growing concern about the state of the planet has revealed the ecological importance of feedback mechanisms acting in cultural landscapes, where human and environmental processes interact.
In the past, relationships between economic capital and natural capital were maintained by cultural capital. Such interactions created cultural landscapes. The present global landscape is dominated by economic capital, which considers natural capital only as an exploitation source to create economic wealth concentrating on the Mass Production Model, disregarding the negative impact on local communities and Natural Environment which are the key factors to create high quality natural goods. The role of the cultural component as a filter between the two other components is ignored. Cultural filters (as well as more efficient educational tools and strategies to increase public awareness about environmental issues) should be used extensively in the future to manipulate environmental, economic, and cultural switches with the goal of modifying the landscape in a more sustainable way.
It seems clear that the maintenance of a healthy society requires not only a healthy economy but also a well-conserved natural system and strong cultural pillars. Conversely, negative feedbacks will ultimately affect economic processes when this natural system is damaged. The cultural landscape model could be used to create new strategies for achieving healthy societies and economies.