Olive Growing Is A Cultural Heritage

As first described by the cultural geographer, Sauer clearly in 1925

“Culture is the agent,
The natural area is the medium,
the cultural landscape is the result”

A significant fraction of the earth’s biodiversity survives inside the Traditional Olive Orchards, which are human-influenced landscapes. In many cases these should be strictly considered “cultural landscapes” that represent a fundamental storehouse of the earth’s natural and cultural capital.
Cultural landscapes like Traditional Olive Regions are geographic areas in which the relationships between human activity and the environment have created ecological, socioeconomic, and cultural patterns and feedback mechanisms that govern the presence, distribution, and abundance of species’ assemblages and local history. In fact they are a great cultural heritage to be passed on to the next generations as a high-value cultural heritage. It is very important to understand how these landscapes are inextricably linked to tangible & intangible socio-economic environmental and cultural values.

An entire culture based on the olive tree cultivation has been developed through the ages and is apparent in the region’s traditions. The intergovernmental UNESCO Committee (decision 5.COM 6.41) defines Traditional Olive Groves as an Intangible Cultural  Heritage Of Humanity.

Over generations, indigenous communities have devised countless innovations to cultivate their surrounding environment for their livelihoods. This interaction with the earth not only supplied food and other fundamentals of pastoral living, but also nurtured traditions and culture whilst sustaining the wider ecosystem.

Indigenous production landscapes are not only an important cultural and natural heritage – they also provide answers to many of the questions plaguing the modern era. Despite their universal value, indigenous production landscapes are seldom regarded as key ecosystems for birds and biodiversity. These areas should be the subjects of socio-economic sciences. The majority of such landscapes around the world are a result of unique horizontal social structures, which dramatically differ from our modern society. The Olive landscape is extremely diverse, hosting numerous Mediterranean endemic and threatened species associated with a great variety of products. One of the main challenges is to distinguish this ancient olive oil from commercially produced oils and to develop a fair market for them.

During the last two decades, economic globalization has produced new driving forces and disturbance regimes that have in turn transformed landscapes around the globe, making them increasingly prone to the risks of rapid resource depletion and biological impoverishment .The growing concern about the state of the planet has revealed the ecological importance of feedback mechanisms acting in cultural landscapes, where human and environmental processes interact.

In the past, relationships between economic capital and natural capital were maintained by cultural capital. Such interactions created cultural landscapes. The present global landscape is dominated by economic capital, which considers natural capital only as an exploitation source to create economic wealth concentrating on the Mass Production Model, disregarding the negative impact on local communities and Natural Environment which are the key factors to create high quality natural goods. The role of the cultural component as a filter between the two other components is ignored. Cultural filters (as well as more efficient educational tools and strategies to increase public awareness about environmental issues) should be used extensively in the future to manipulate environmental, economic, and cultural switches with the goal of modifying the landscape in a more sustainable way.

It seems clear that the maintenance of a healthy society requires not only a healthy economy but also a well-conserved natural system and strong cultural pillars. Conversely, negative feedbacks will ultimately affect economic processes when this natural system is damaged. The cultural landscape model could be used to create new strategies for achieving healthy societies and economies.

PTELEOS & The South East Magnesia Olive Groves Consists The History Of Thessaly Land Olive Growing 

Part Of The Greek Olive Growing Cultural Heritage

Pteleos is the biggest Olive Grove in Thessaly Prefecture gathering all  characteristics of a Traditional Olive Grove according to UNESCO Principles .In fact it holds a big part of the Greek Olive Growing Tradition.A complete ecosystem with high flora & fauna with unique life species rear to find elsewhere.A combination of Olives Trees,wild flowers,herbs,insects,birds and small animals.An ecosystem full of all forms of life and colors,unique tradition and culture.In more specific.Has 3000 years history,strong olive growing culture,high biodiversity & unique micro-climate.Its a complete ecosystem,a Mediterranean Landscape System with perennial Olive Tress and multiple elements of olive-growing history.

Is Family Olive Growing Is Indeed A HOLISTIC AGRICULTURE MODEL maintain the balance between Olive Growing ,Biodiversity  Preservation and Local Culture.

In  a well-designed business model can guarantee  the future of Olive Growing , ensuring not only the continuation of production of high quality olive goods but most importantly the existence of the many local landscape cultures that will benefit human society and also environment  in the long run.