Olive Tree Pruning Process
Olive Pruning Is very Important In Order To Prepare Olive Trees For The Next Harvest
If needed, in late spring or early summer, remove dead, diseased or dying branches. At the same time, thin out branches to allow light into the centre of the tree and remove any branches that spoil the shape. Avoid pruning too hard as this will result in the over-production of non-fruiting water shoots.
Pruning techniques vary depending on specific cultural conditions and social factors. The type of pruning must be adjusted in relation to plant age, training system, crop load, product use, environmental conditions, soil fertility, and farm structure. Evidently, there is not a single technique that can be recommended for all conditions. The most limiting factor, such as the availability of labor or the cost of pruning, becomes the main criterion for choosing between alternatives.
A few general rules, however, hold true in most conditions. According to Riccardo Gucci and Claudio Cantini, the main ones are:
- When in doubt, less pruning is better.
- Not all trees in a grove need to be pruned every year.
- Pruning should be adjusted to the age of the tree.
- It is best to proceed from top to bottom.
- Large cuts should be made before small ones.
- One main goal should be to correct differences in vigor between branches.
- Pruning should be rapid and simple.
- Cost is more important than appearance, except, of course for landscape trees.
- All cuts that can be delayed until the following year should be.